Predicting the future is something that many IT experts try to do. However, there are few experts who listen as well as Gartner, when it comes to technological trends in the coming years.
What the analysts office makes smart is to publish an annual overview of the most hyped IT terms of the moment – the so-called Hype Cycle . There you can see at one glance what phase of the hype cycle phenomena are Internet or Things, Blockchain or Machine Learning (and how long it is expected that these technologies will become commonplace).
To make a little order in this mountain of loose trends and hypes, Gartner tries to indicate these developments by subdividing them into categories or “Megatrends”:
Artificial Intelligence (AI) everywhere
This is an umbrella term used by Gartner for all technologies related to artificial intelligence and machine learning. Now that all major IT companies (Google, Microsoft and IBM in the first place) are committed to the development of artificial intelligence, it seems only a matter of time before this technology will return to all aspects of our daily lives.
Transparently Immersive Experiences (TIE)
This is perhaps the least clearly defined megatrend: it is all technologies that make our lives easier and more exciting at home and at the office. Think of 3D printing, augmented and virtual reality, connected home, as well as technologies such as computer-brain interface (driving your computer with your brain) and human augmentation, or “improving” people with technology, such as better performance prostheses then deliver our own limbs.
This is the collective name of all technological developments that enable us to generate, analyze, and process larger amounts of data, and the platforms that make use of it (such as Blockchain). Also, Internet of Things, Digital Twin, Quantum Computing and Blockchain are listed below.
The prediction of Gartner
Rather, you can say that Gartner predicts that computers and robots are becoming increasingly intelligent and knowledgeable (AI everywhere), we are going to improve and enrich the human body with Transparently Immersive Experience, and that, as a kind of basic condition, we must have about a lot of computing power, bandwidth, storage capacity and networks that connect people and data (Digital Platforms).
What is the IT’er doing here?
Now Gartner has traditionally been the party that gives the IT department direction for the future, but by focusing on TIE, the focus area seems to shift to biotechnology. That will make many ITs still strange in ears and fronse the eyebrows. At first sight, the Digital Platforms Trend seems to be relevant to IT, because it is about providing computing power, bandwidth, storage capacity and networks – something that IT has traditionally felt comfortable with. But what kind of message does an IT department now have on the trend that the human body will be improved and enriched with technology?
In particular, AI, combined with themes such as big data, deaf learning and the huge increase in computer power in recent years, make sure that security is taken in great detail. Business as a threat prevention and detection becomes many more effective and efficient; Systems may even adjust automatically when behavior or source code of certain malicious software changes.
Driven from the cloud, we’re seeing these platforms like Microsoft Azure and Amazon AWS. Azure Security Center is a good example of this. We are increasingly taking advantage of rule-based analytics and increasingly use AI and machine learning to process and analyze data. Not only while the data is being used or consulted, but also when the data is stored – an important issue.
Security is just one of the examples. Self-propelled cars, smart factories and connected homes are still a number, although they will less affect the way we work as IT professionals with us. It is certainly not interesting that is less interesting. In addition, you never know what role some technological development can play in the (near future) future.
Odd man out
De overkoepelende TIE-trend lijkt een vreemde eend in de bijt, maar Gartner stipt deze trend terecht aan. Verschillende technologische ontwikkelingen wijzen erop dat de naadloze samenwerking tussen mens en machine steeds meer een IT-onderwerp is: denk aan het toegenomen belang van intuïtieve en zelfs conversational user interfases, de opmars van slimme draagbare apparaten (zoals smartwatches) die de wereld om ons heen kunnen aansturen; IT zal steeds meer draaien om het verbeteren van de prestaties van mensen. En dat heeft het eigenlijk altijd al gedaan, maar nog nooit was de symbiose tussen mens en machine zo dichtbij. Het klinkt allemaal als toekomstmuziek, maar dat Gartner het hier zo expliciet benoemd, is een teken aan de wand.
You could even say that TIE is a logical consequence of a trend that has been very important for IT professionals over the last decade, namely the undeniable fact that IT user experience has become more important. The digital and physical world are becoming more and more intermittent and man and machine are becoming more and more fused.
Where we encountered a number of security challenges, with the rise of mobile work, this is no different. In fact, the challenge is only getting bigger. Billions of devices will be able to communicate with each other, from the refrigerator in your kitchen to the blast furnaces of Tata Steel. And let’s not forget the huge amount of data produced here.